Ultrathin Organically Modified Silica Layer Coated Carbon Nanotubes: Fabrication, Characterization and Electrical Insulating Properties
- Martin Pumera*, Toshio Sasaki, Bretislav Smid
This paper describes the use of organically modified silica (ormosil) for the Ultrathin nanoprecise coating of individual multiwall carbon nanotubes using a soft-chemistry approach. Hybrid organic/inorganic ormosil nano-coated carbon nanotubes were Successfully prepared by in-situ deposition of 3-aminopropyltrimethoxysilane or N-methylaminopropyltrimethoxysilane in an aqueous suspension by means of their electrostatic interactions with carboxylic group functionalized multiwall carbon nanotubes. The coating layer was found to have a uniform thickness of about 3 nm. The products were characterized by high-angle annular dark field scanning transmission electron microscopy, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM). TEM/energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, TEM/electron energy loss spectroscopy. scanning electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. and current-voltage measurements. The ormosil coatings demonstrated the favorable electrical insulating properties of individual multiwall carbon nanotubes. We also show that the resistance of the insulating thin layer call be tuned by altering the substituents of alkylmethoxysilanes.