Metallic Impurities within Residual Catalyst Metallic Nanoparticles Are in Some Cases Responsible for “Electrocatalytic” Effect of Carbon Nanotubes
- Martin Pumera*, Hideo Iwai
We show that in some cases, the metallic impurities within residual catalyst metallic nanoparticle impurities, which remain in carbon nanotubes from their synthesis even after purification, are responsible for "electrocatalytic" properties of carbon nanotubes. Ibis is demonstrated in an example of double-walled carbon nanotubes (DWCNTs) containing cobalt residual catalyst nanoparticle impurities, which themselves contain iron-based impurities. It was found that iron-based impurities within Co residual nanoparticles present in DWCNTs are responsible for the electrochemical reduction of hydrogen peroxide. The chemical states of metallic impurities were investigated by high-resolution X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy.
Emerging mono-elemental 2D nanomaterials for electrochemical sensing applications: From borophene to bismuthene
MAX and MAB Phases: Two-Dimensional Layered Carbide and Boride Nanomaterials for Electrochemical Applications