Heteroatom modified graphenes: electronic and electrochemical applications
Graphene exhibits zero band gap, very small electrical resistivity, fast heat dissipation, and fast heterogeneous electron transfer properties. These features, coupled with affordable preparation cost and high surface area, predetermine graphene materials for application in electronic and electrochemical devices. Doping graphene with electron-withdrawing or -donating heteroatoms leads to tailoring of graphene electronic and electrochemical properties. Here, we discuss doping of graphene-based materials with main group heteroatoms (s and p blocks). We will also discuss the application of such doped graphenes in electronic, sensing, and energy storage/generation devices.