Electrochemical Fluorographane: Hybrid Electrocatalysis of Biomarkers, Hydrogen Evolution, and Oxygen Reduction
- Rui Gusmao, Zdeněk Sofer, Filip Sembera, Zbyněk Janousek, Martin Pumera*
Fluorographane (C1HxF1-x+)(n) is a new member of the graphene family that exhibits hydrophobicity and a large band gap that is tunable based on the level of fluorination. Herein, sensing and energy applications of fluorographane are reported. The results reveal that the carbon-to-fluoride ratio of fluorographane has a great impact on the electrochemical performance of the materials. Lowered oxidation potentials for ascorbic and uric acids, in addition to a catalytic effect for hydroquinone and dopamine redox processes, are obtained with a high fluoride content. Moreover, fluorographane, together with residual copper- and nickel-based doping, acted as a hybrid electrocatalyst to promote hydrogen evolution and oxygen reduction reactions with considerably lower onset potentials than those of graphane (starting material), which makes this a promising material for a broad range of applications.
Recyclable nanographene-based micromachines for the on-the-fly capture of nitroaromatic explosives
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